When you think of the word 'entrepreneur', who do you see? You might be inclined to think of a hungry 20-something who dropped out of college to follow his or her dream.

But according to a study (PDF) released by the Kauffman Foundation, it's not young people who are driving entrepreneurial activity in the United States. No, it's Baby Boomers.

The study found that over the past decade, the highest level of entrepreneurial activity was seen amongst the 55-64 age group. What about the wunderkinds we see plastered on magazine covers? Their entrepreneurial prowess is largely an illusion:

The 20-34 age bracket, meanwhile, which we usually identify with swashbuckling and risk-taking youth (think Facebook and Google), has the lowest rate. Perhaps most surprising, this disparity occurred during the eleven years surrounding the dot-com boom—when the young entrepreneurial upstart became a cultural icon.

In a related study that looked at 5,000 companies started in 2004, the Kauffman Foundation discovered that two-thirds were started by founders in the 35-54 age bracket. When it came to technology companies specifically, the average age of a founder was 39 "with twice as many over age 50 as under age 25".

When you think about it, this really isn't all that surprising. Although stories like that of Mark Zuckerberg, who co-founded Facebook in his Harvard dorm room, make for great stories, they're great stories precisely because they're so unusual. When it comes to the reality of entrepreneurship, it makes sense that older people would be more apt to start businesses. After all, an older founder is more likely to have significant experience, greater knowledge, better networks and the financial resources required to start a new venture. The hunger and ambition typically associated with youth can only take you so far.

In looking at what the future holds, the Kauffman Foundation notes that the ongoing recession could increase the incidence of entrepreneurship amongst those under 30 but also points out that other trends, such as the diminishing notion of the 'lifetime' job and longer lifespans, likely supports a healthy crop of old entrepreneurs.

The key takeaway from this? As much as the tech startup community values youth, it's a bad idea to ignore those who are more experienced and more knowledgeable. Given that the billion and trillion dollar markets of tomorrow aren't going to be found in the consumer internet, for instance, wisdom is more important than ever. So the next time you're networking, don't forget to talk to the guy who looks like he could be your dad. He may not be starting the next Facebook but he could be the founder of the next Cisco.

Photo credit: daveynin via Flickr.

Patricio Robles

Published 19 June, 2009 by Patricio Robles

Patricio Robles is a tech reporter at Econsultancy. Follow him on Twitter.

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Comments (2)


Shallie Bey

Thanks for making the effort to share these results about entrepreneurship. I am a champion for both young and old to use entrepreneurship to make a difference in the world. The fact that baby boomer entrepreneurs are responsible for the lion's share of what the Kauffman Foundation reports at 530,000 new business formations per month in the US is a surprise to many. It is good to get the word out.

Shallie Bey
Smarter Small Business Blog

about 9 years ago

David Iwanow

David Iwanow, SEO Product Manager at Marktplaats.nl

I agree thank you for the study, based on a recent trip to San Francisco it was evident that Baby Boomers were responsible for a large chunk of the tech startups. 

But what was interesting Gen X & Gen Y were the ones working on the bleeding edge projects but often had sourced funding from Gen X & Baby boomers.

I think the support for 20-something founders needs to be increased by local chamber groups, industry bodies and government as it is often us that struggle to grow a business and build a business model from the ground up. 

Existing business can often be very cruel with many established players trying hard to talk you out of your dreams and aspirations.

The Lost Press Marketing Blog

about 9 years ago

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