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For many startups, a purchase bid from Google may seem like an offer they can't refuse. But Yelp has done just that. The search giant was in talks to purchase the local ratings site, but Yelp founder Jeremy Stoppleman walked away from talks this weekend.

TechCrunch reports that Yelp turned down an offer of half a billion dollars from the search giant and speculates that it got another bid or partnership that made selling less than necessary.

Hopefully the recommendation site has some good tricks up its sleeve, because Google's recent moves show that the company is serious about local. And while standing athwart Google yelling "Stop!" may seem a noble cause, many companies have crashed and burned with this strategy before Yelp came along.

Yelp is a four year old company that has made impressive strides into local. With access to all that local business data, Google would immediately become a serious local player. 

Greg Sterling, the founder of Sterling Market Intelligence, tells The New York Times:

“Google doesn’t need any technology that Yelp has to offer. Yelp has content, a community, these hooks into the local market with this sales channel and this brand that is much stronger and more identified with local than Google.”

There was talk that a Google/Yelp deal would raise antitrust scrutiny, because it would help propel Google past simply searching for content into more clearly producing (and weighting its search results toward) its own content. But that would be reason for Google to back out, not Yelp. And Google can get into local without Yelp's help.

But there are clearly a lot of reasons that Yelp and Google could work well together. Yelp's augmented reality iPhone app would easily dovetail into Google's Street View map service. It overlays Yelp information over real-time video iPhone users shoot around them.

And earlier this month, Google launched a new service called Favorite Places. The search giant currently has over 100,000 local shops that have won approval and will now be equipped with QR stickers that consumers can scan with their phone to download info about them.

The new effort clearly overlaps with what Yelp is doing (as well as Zagat's), and a partnership between Yelp and Google could help cement Google's footing in the space. But it's interesting that Google launched this product before working out a partnership with Yelp.

Frankly, it sounded like a warning shot. A partnership between the two companies now could have been Yelp's way of riding the Google wave through the local market. But the search giant is always willing to go it alone, and they are now set to take a huge chunk out of Yelp's business.

Working with Yelp would be a huge boon to Google, because they could tap into Yelp's preexisting store of local data to further the project, but it's also not a neccessity.

According to The New York Times:

“Web companies big and small are trying to give people information about restaurants, news and events within a few blocks or miles of where they are. Yelp dominates the market for local business listings and reviews in big cities.
 
Those services are becoming more important as the popularity of smartphones grows. The cellphones are connected to the Web and equipped with GPS so advertisers can know where a person is standing.”

With other services like Loopt, Foursquare and Brightkite quickly creating libraries of local data in the mobile space, Yelp is increasingly facing competition in the local marketplace. But its existing store of information could be well utilized by a technology company looking to flesh out its local offering.

That's why there's still a possibility that another tech giant is stalking Yelp. The current speculation posits that Yelp balked on the Google deal because it got a better offer from a Google competitor like Microsoft, AOL or Barry Diller's IAC. With the current focus on local, Yelp's store of so much info means it has some negotiating power. But that window may not be open long.

Stoppleman may not have liked getting his hand forced into a deal with Google, but it's hard to imagine a better synergy for its content than with Google. And if the company wants to go it alone, that is likely to be a short journey.

For Yelp's sake, let's hope that the company has a better deal on the horizon that let it walk away from Google. Because the company could have just signed its death warrant.

Meghan Keane

Published 21 December, 2009 by Meghan Keane

Based in New York, Meghan Keane is US Editor of Econsultancy. You can follow her on Twitter: @keanesian.

721 more posts from this author

Comments (3)

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Patrick Clarkson, offical at new york post

Most of us already predicted that the deal of Yelp and G would play out just any other acquisition google had in the past. Surprisingly, even with the generous 'gift' of 500 Million dollars presented by Goog, Yelp still found a way to turn it down. Why?

http://www.topnflnews.com/

almost 7 years ago

David Iwanow

David Iwanow, SEO Product Manager at Marktplaats.nl

In some ways if they have formed partnerships with other players such as 4Square it can atleast keep them well ahead of Google until they are worth more.

Most companies build themselves for the sole purpose of being bought out, but if you look at Facebook they seem to be doing better than Myspace that sold out early in the process.

What makes it likely that it would be Bing or Facebook buying them is that they have said nothing on the issue, likely covered under a NDA they would have to sign as part of the bidding process. Usually atleast Yahoo/Bing would make a bit more noise if Google is expanding its reach too far, but atm there is not a word about the deal.

Who knows maybe Apple got sick of missing out and decided to spend some of the cash pile on securing a trusted local provider to match with their iPhone users.

almost 7 years ago

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Michelle Carvill

What about Google's push to the sme to sign up for a free business directory listing - via their Local Business Centre?  Surely this is their attempt to grow their own directory. 

almost 7 years ago

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