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I was asked a great question recently whilst at a breakfast networking event hosted by Clearwater LLP, a corporate finance advisory firm, who had been giving everyone an insight in to the previous 12 months' M&A activities in the retail market.
We heard about the winners and losers, and Gareth Iley regaled us with possibly the most entertaining skirting board anecdote I've heard, illustrating the rise of the niche players.
Over coffee afterwards, he asked me a really interesting question, being: "What makes a good ecommerce business?"
I thought it would be a fun question to pose here, and I'll start the ball rolling with my instinctive answer to him at the time.
Slightly contradictorily, my first comment was to suggest what wasn't necessarily a factor: an ecommerce website.
You might think that's a bit of an odd thing to say: surely a good ecommerce business must have a good ecommerce website?
Allow me to explain.
In previous lives I've worked with a good number of retailers and brands and have given them the best possible web presence. We've understood the types of customer and their motivations, and we've implemented best practice in context throughout the site.
What we've found is that the best website in the world does not guarantee success or any particular level of conversion. We'd often see some of the very best sites converting at well below the reported average for the sector.
I also remember a couple of instances where some big names have got it wrong: H&M and Zara spring to mind here. I remember commenting on the thread of the H&M website review by Graham Charlton on how bad the UX was, but even with its many faults the sales were huge.
So, I'm going to argue that whilst I think it's important to have the best ecommerce website possible, I don't think a website can be considered to be a determining factor, per se. Clearly there is a complex interplay between website, brand and other factors.
Any user interface is really just a means to an end, not on its own a silver bullet. Chris Webster, VP, head of retail consulting and technology at Capgemini, recently said mobile, like a computer, is just a tool in a toolbox:
Like a computer, it is simply an extension of one’s offering, another weapon in a retailer’s armoury – when combined with other channels to make a truly connected multi-channel experience, it is a very effective tool indeed.
State of mind?
My second thought also stems from personal experience. An early client win was that of a long standing retailer of some 100 years on the high street.
They'd had an ecommerce presence for a couple of years, we were their second provider (which in itself tells a story).
They were a household name, a great brand and had all the resource in the world, but by their own admission they thought like a high street retailer and not an online one.
It wasn't until they realised they had to learn to think differently that they began to understand the opportunity.
A couple of good strategic hires and they were away.
So, I don't necessarily feel that a good high street player can simply get itslf a presence online and become a good ecommerce business overnight, it requires the right state of mind and understanding.
I asked a few industry stalwarts from both client and supplier side for their view...
Gabrielle Hase of Soleberry Advisory, which works with investment professionals on commercial due diligence and strategy development in ecommerce and m-commerce.
What makes an ecommerce business successful is what makes any business successful: a unique product or proposition that offers a clear value to the consumer. I know that's basic, but in the end, online is simply another route to market and is only as good as the product or service it's selling.
The second thing that makes an ecommerce business successful is how well it uses the unique features of the platform. For example, it's much easier to offer customisation options online than it is in-store, so customers can design their own raincoats (Burberry) or trainers (Nike) or greeting cards (Moonpig), which goes back to offering a unique product or proposition with a clear value.
Thirdly, it’s about execution. Delivering a great user experience is at least as much about the last mile and getting product into people’s hands as it is about offering a slick front-end user experience. Too many online businesses forget that.
Martin Bartle, Global Communications and Ecommerce Director at Agent Provocateur
For me, it’s not about new innovations or who has all the bells and whistles. I think it’s absolutely crucial to understand what the basics are, and to do them well.
I’m talking about the three pillars of ecommerce: acquire, convert and retain. A good ecommerce business must have these things perfectly aligned in order to be considered good in this context. In addition, it must take care to ensure it delivers on its promises, an area where too many fall down and erode their brand loyalty as a result.
James Gurd, Owner of Digital Juggler, an Ecommerce and Digital Marketing Consultancy helping businesses (mainly retailers) to build and develop digital channels:
A good ecommerce business is one that has a clearly defined set of goals and a customer proposition to help achieve those goals. The front-end design & features are almost cosmetic without this because everything starts with defining your product/service, who would want to buy it and why they would want to buy it – branding essentially.
There has been some interesting research done around what customers are looking for online and the common theme is value for money. Value isn’t just defined by price, it’s a whole set of drivers that create satisfaction. A good ecommerce business understands those drivers because it adopts a user-centred approach to building its brand (users including all stakeholders, not just customers).
Geoff van Sonsbeeck, Founder and CEO at Isabella Oliver & Baukjen
In the online world of unlimited competition and unlimited access, a good Ecommerce business is one which uses the power of brand and data to create a stand-out experience that captures customer’s attention and wins their loyalty.
Stand-out ecommerce businesses:
- Inspire and engage through rich, cross channel experiences with which customers want to engage. For example: The new Baukjen eStylist service aims to re-create the in-store experience for time-poor customers and engages by providing personal style advice online via video.
- Invest in outstanding customer service with delivery on promise a board level KPI.
- Use data to understand and monitor the distribution of order profitability and balance marketing spend, delivery and promotion cost to maximise conversion at the same time as maximising profitability.
Sorcha Harriman-Smith, Digital Experience Director at Childrensalon (shortlisted for Best Small Multichannel Retailer at the etail awards):
- An outstanding product offer. Know your product and your customer’s tastes, and stay focused on being the best in your target market.
- Excellent product presentation. Your photographic studio, editorial team and merchandising must understand the needs of your online customer.
- The digital skillsets – embedded in the company. If you create these connections of skills and knowledge in the company, you can create a beautiful but brilliant experience that constantly improves.
- Ability to learn and adapt like a start-up. You need to be progressive in your thinking and agile in the way you operate.
- Truly understanding and caring about your customer. If your business isn’t listening and moving with your customer, they will eventually leave you behind. Our customer is constantly telling us what we’re great at, and how to improve, and we’re acting on that insight all the time. This ethos also manifests as countless individual customer interactions that demonstrate we care, which collectively creates loyalty and trust in our brand.
A nice mix of perspectives here, and a variety of points raised. Nobody talks about technology specifically being a determinant, although it's pretty clear that its role as a supporting player is important.
Without focusing on specific tactics I think a fair bit of online success is achieved beyond the digital realm. Martin's threee pillars, for example, involve an awful lot more than simply having a great online presence.
Although the question specifically mentions ecommerce there is little talk of channels in isolation in the responses, rather more emphasis is placed on the brand experience overall.
Thus, I think it's important for a business to present itself consistently across its chosen channels of operation. I guess one of the many definitions of omnichannel being bandied around.
The customer is a consistent throughout, along with talk of the strength of brand, although I think it may be too simplistic to suggest those two things alone make a good ecommerce business. Delivery on promise, and understanding which promises to make in the first place derive from understanding the customer interaction with the brand, so again, insight is key.
What's your take: is this a pretty good blueprint?