Just 11% of European consumers have scanned a QR code in an outdoor advert, according to a new a survey by CBS Outdoor.
This is despite the fact that the study showed that more than half (54%) of respondents are aware of what QR codes are for.
It does need to be taken into account that outdoor advertising refers exclusively to billboards and posters, with press ads not included in the survey.
The Interactive Europe 2013 report also found that 75% of urban audiences now own a smartphone, up from 56% last year, so the opportunity for targeting them with mobile and interactive ads is huge.
Overall though, the report found that awareness of interactive advertising technology remains quite low.